Encouraging Positive Racial Identity in Young Children

A lot of literature on racism in young children focuses on white children learning to not be racist, rather than sharing strategies on how Black parents and caregivers can instill positive racial identity in their children. Racially socializing young Black children has a profound impact on their friendships, education, and future outcomes (Embrace Race). According to the American Psychological Association, “Research shows that talking to children about race and engaging in related activities when children are young improves academic performance, racial pride, and other outcomes. It is never too early to engage in direct and indirect communication about race and ethnicity.”

Resources for Developing Positive Racial Identity

About the P.R.I.D.E Program

Through a blend of interactive professional development for educators, classes with parents, dynamic arts festivals, and community engagement, the Positive Racial Identity Development in Early Education (P.R.I.D.E.) program fosters positive racial identity in Black children, aged 3 to 8, in the city of Pittsburgh. The P.R.I.D.E. website features a number of resources for parents of young children, including a podcast and parent support group.

Series Navigation

The Developmentally Appropriate Parenting Series highlights several early childhood topics to support parents and caregivers who are caring for young children. Use the list below to navigate through each series topic:

Learn more about the series.

Request free printed materials from our Developmentally Appropriate Parenting Series.


Picture: A young baby looks up at the camera.
Line separator